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HOME : Asian Art : Archive : Gandhara Stucco Sculpture Of A Buddha
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Gandhara Stucco Sculpture Of A Buddha - PF.3821
Origin: Afghanistan/Pakistan
Circa: 200 AD to 500 AD
Dimensions: 16.5" (41.9cm) high x 10.625" (27.0cm) wide
Catalogue: V20
Collection: Asian
Medium: Stucco

Additional Information: Sold

Location: United States
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Seated cross-legged on an unadorned throne, the Buddha is depicted in the mudra of meditation or dhyani, a gesture indicating that this is the Sakyamuni at the time of Great Enlightenment. Buddha's wavy curls are modified in the form of incisions, and his hair is neatly tucked over the ushinisha in such a way that it is not disguised, but rather made visible as a sign of acculturation from the Greco-Roman tradition to the Eastern tradition. The elongated earlobes are incised and a line appears around the throat where the borders of his robe gather and drape over his narrow shoulders. The image seeks to capture the Buddha's detached introvert attitude of superiority over worldly things, of immunity to all change, of inactivity, which make him a personification of the supreme essence.

The Gandhara Buddha is among the earliest representations of Buddha, which combine elements of the Greco-Roman classical tradition with Eastern iconography. This sculpture exemplifies the artistic adaptations of craftsmen who began this process of "Indianization," evidenced in the bodily appearance. While the body retains a sense of fluidity and lightness, the fullness of the face is more Indian, and the voluminous monastic robe of the early Buddha type has been conventionalized into a linear formula in which the folds are represented by quilted ridges applied to the surface of the body. This is a formula that provided a model for countless imitations of Gandhara types in Central Asia and the Far East.
- (PF.3821)


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