Egyptian Antiquities :
Egyptian Moulds : Egyptian terracotta mould for a female standing figurine
Egyptian terracotta mould for a female standing figurine - CB.3392
Collection: Egyptian Antiquities
Location: Great Britain
The scale of the production, the adoption and
improvement of new or imported
craftsmanship and other such technical
innovations relative to the production of
terracotta figurines was driven primarily by the
It is clear that there was a significant need for
such religious objects in the domestic cultual
sphere of Egypt, though the subjects chosen
were mostly dependent on geography and the
location of the shrines the finished article was
deposited as an offering. It needs to be
mentioned that usually local repertoires
encompassed a limited range of subjects.
The appearance of such figurines follow
entirely the fashion which was prevalent during
the time of their production, in regards to the
style of hair, clothes, jewellery etc,
representing the demands of the clientele, with
such outward characteristics serving also as
important markers of identity.
The ritual use of many such figurines is finally
indicated by the context in which they were
discovered, being that Greek sanctuaries or
Egyptian temple votive deposits and caches.
The mass production of mould-made solid
terracotta figurines presents them in small
dimensions, solid three-dimentional, made
from a hard, fine, heavy and sandy Nile silt,
with visible organic inclusions. These small
solid figurines often represent the
technological limitations of the material
employed and of the workshop and its kiln.
In some of these brownish-red ceramic
moulds the depression on the back is rather
rough and crude whereas in others it is formed
well including considerable incised details.
String marks and burn mark are often visible.
These moulds are bulk workshop creations of
the late period of ancient Egypt, which started
with the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty, around 672
BC, through the Achaemenid Persian rule from
525 to 404 BC., and ended with the conquest
by Alexander the Great and the establishment
of the Ptolemaic kingdom in 323 BC.