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HOME : Islamic Art : AS Collection 4 : Mughal Gold Mohur Minted Under Jalal al-Din Muhammad Akbar
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Mughal Gold Mohur Minted Under Jalal al-Din Muhammad Akbar - C.0350
Origin: India
Circa: 1556 AD to 1605 AD

Collection: Numismatics
Medium: Gold


Additional Information: AS

Location: United States
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Description
The Mughal Dynasty was founded by Zahiru al- Din Babur upon three successive victorious battles that allowed him to secure control of northern India. A Muslim minority in a Hindu land, the Mughal would rule India from 1526- 1858. After Babur, each ruler managed to extend Mughal dominance over the natives until the entire subcontinent was under their authority, from the foothills of the Himalayas all the way to the southern tip of Cape Comorin. However, soon after, Emperor Aurangzeb abandoned the religious tolerance that characterized the rule of his ancestors and attempted to convert the whole of India to Islam. This deliberate change in policy naturally ignited numerous rebellions. As the revolts spread across the land, including groups that had been loyal to the Mughals for many generations, the arrival of the Europeans added further complications. The ambitions of the European powers extended beyond mere trade, and their superior military power and organization completely stripped the Mughal of any naval power. The Mughal Dynasty continued onward, becoming successively weaker and weaker with each ruler until the British finally overcame both the Mughals and the native Hindus by exploiting their animosity towards each other, ending a three hundred year period of Muslim rule in the subcontinent.

Emperor Jalal al-Din Muhammad Akbar, popularly known as Akbar the Great, was the third ruler of Indian powerful Mughal Dynasty. Although he ascended the throne when he was only thirteen, he was blessed with a sense of justice and fairness far exceeding his youthful age. Both a wise ruler and a able warrior, he strove to consolidate Mughal power and desired to unify the entire subcontinent under the Mughal banner. He appeased the Hindu majority by offering them posts in the army and government and by marrying a Rajput princess. He based his imperialism upon religious tolerance, however, he was willing to ban some Hindu practices that he deemed immoral such as animal sacrifice and child marriages. He revolutionized the tradition of marriage in India by insisting that the consent of the bride and bridegroom be obtained in addition to that of the parents, whereas before young girls could be forced to marry regardless of their opinion. However, while many of the Rajput clans succumbed to his power, the House of Mewar rebelled, refusing to live under the rule of a Muslim. Akbar showed no mercy to those how denied his supremacy and he initiated a campaign to conquer the Mewar. However, his initial victories against the Mewar forced them to flee into the rugged valleys of the Aravallis from where they launched a guerilla war against Akbar’s forces. Alas, Akbar was unable to break the independent spirit of Mewar and never succeeded in dominating them like he had with the rest of Rajputana.
- (C.0350)

 

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