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HOME : Near Eastern Art : Sumerian Art : Sumerian Alabaster Mace
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Sumerian Alabaster Mace - PH.0187
Origin: Mediterranean
Circa: 2700 BC to 1700 BC

Collection: Near Eastern
Style: Sumerian


Location: Great Britain
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Description
Sumer was the southernmost region of ancient Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq and Kuwait) which is generally considered the cradle of civilization. The name comes from Akkadian, the language of the north of Mesopotamia, and means “land of the civilized kings”. The Sumerians called themselves “the black headed people” and their land, in cuneiform script, was simply “the land” or “the land of the black headed people”. In the biblical Book of Genesis Sumer is known as Shinar. According to the Sumerian King List, when the gods first gave human beings the gifts necessary for cultivating society, they did so by establishing the city of Eridu in the region of Sumer. While the Sumerian city of Uruk is held to be the oldest city in the world, the ancient Mesopotamians believed that it was Eridu and that it was here that order was established and civilization began. - (PH.0187)

 

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