The Gupta Empire was one of the largest political
and military empires in ancient India. It was ruled
by the Gupta dynasty from around 240 to 550 CE
and covered most of northern India and what is
now eastern Pakistan and Bangladesh. The time
of the Gupta Empire was an Indian "Golden Age"
in science, mathematics, astronomy, religion and
philosophy. The peace and prosperity created
under leadership of Guptas enabled the pursuit
of scientific and artistic endeavors. The decimal
numeral system, including the concept of zero,
was invented in India during the reign of the
Guptas. At the time of its maximum extent, the
Gupta empire was considered a Great power.
Historians place the Gupta dynasty alongside
with the Han Dynasty, Tang Dynasty and Rome as
a model of a classical civilization.