This has a total of 27 lines of Sumerian
cuneiform on observe, reverse and upper
edge. It also bears impressions of a single
cylinder seal on upper, left and right edges,
also between the end of the document and
the date. It is a date of king Sin-magir of
Isin, in southern Mesopotamia, who ruled for
11 years, c. 1828-1817 B. C. This is known
from the ancient king lists, but of the year
names used to refer to individual year of his
reign only two have been known previously.
This tablet adds a third, and is so important,
but we do not know to which years of his
eleven the three refer.
1 1/2 musar a storehouse
adjacent to the estate of Sin-eribam, 12
musar of palm grove planted with
palm trees on the bank of Danamugula
canal, next to the palm grove of Sin-eribam,
the estate of Bur-Adad:
from Bur-Adad Sin-eribam purchased (these
items). He weighed out for him 3 shekels of
silver for the full price.
In the future Bur-Adad and his heirs, as
many as there may be, may not claim the
storehouse and palm grove. He swore by
In the presence of
Hazirum, son of Ahushunu
Beliya, son of Agu’a
Ubarrum, son of Siprum
Amurrum-tayyar, son of Atanah-ili
Dada, son of Ili-tappe
Month: Kislimu, year: Sin-magir the king
dug the Ninkarrak canal.
servant of Adad
Adad was the Babylonian storm god, Nergal
god of the netherworld. A musar
was a plot of land measuring 12 x 12 cubits.
This year was named after the digging of the
canal since that was considered the most
important event of the year. The area has
virtually no rain, so agriculture was only
possible by irrigation from the rivers via a
network of irrigation canals.
Description and translation kindly provided
by Professor W. G. Lambert