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HOME : Near Eastern Art : Luristan Art : Luristan Bronze Votive Statue
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Luristan Bronze Votive Statue - PF.4709
Origin: Central Asia
Circa: 900 BC to 700 BC
Dimensions: 6.25" (15.9cm) high x 2.75" (7.0cm) wide
Collection: Near Eastern
Medium: Bronze

Location: United States
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Luristan (or Lorestan) literally means “Land of the Lurs”, and was situated in a wide sweep of the Zagros mountains in what is now western Iran. The sociopolitics of this area are complex, with repeated waves and invasions of Medes, Cimmerians and Persians, amongst others, but the culture thus created is remarkable for its superb control of metalworking. There are many styles, but the best-known pieces of bronze from this area are anthropomorphic and zoomorphic pieces reflecting religious and secular tastes, as well as weaponry and utilitarian items that were buried with the deceased in tombs across the Zagros area. It was nonetheless viewed as a precious resource, and was used alongside iron once this metal became available, for while its qualities of hardness and durability were recognized, it merely made bronze a more socially exclusive material. The hallmark of Luristan wares is the tendency to elongate the necks, tails and bodies of the animals to produce graceful curves and arches. The re-discovery of the splendor of Luristan metalwork began in the 1930s and made considerable progress after World War II. The absence of relevant written records makes their complex imagery difficult to interpret in specific religious terms but it is likely that they represent local deities of some kind. It has been suggested that such elaborate bronze items must have been the preserve of the tribal leaders, a warrior class with the means to equip themselves and their households for war.

This handsome finial has a central mounting tube with a short horizontal middle extension dividing two separate halves. Each half is a mirror image of the other; with each head showing the exact image on the reverse side. These multiple faces represent an anthropomorphic figure, or "master-of-animals", flanked by dual leonine heads. Though the heads are stylized they do show some elaboration of detail in the ears, open jaws and paws. The form of this finial is elongated, as opposed to the squat versions that were made during the same period. The perfect balance and sense of duality may have been an essential visual element and key to its meaning. Yet, the inspiration behind the "master-of-animals" is unknown and may forever remain a mystery.

The is an old inventory mark from an unknown collection that reads: "DW 31/93". - (PF.4709)


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