The Iron Age follows the Submycenean period
(1125–1050 BC) or Late Bronze Age and is
divided into the Geometric Period 1050–700 BC
and the Archaic Period 700–525 BC.
In the ensuing Early Iron Age Cyprus becomes
Pottery shapes and their decorative motives
show a marked inspiration from the Aegean,
although Oriental patterns creep in from time to
Pottery types also appear from other
Mediterranean cultures as evidenced from the
archaeological recovery of pottery from Cydonia,
a powerful urban center of ancient Crete.
New burial customs with rock-cut chamber tombs
having a long "dromos" (a ramp leading gradually
towards the entrance) leading to them, along with
new religious beliefs speak in favour of the arrival
of people from the Aegean Sea.
The same view is supported by the introduction
of the safety pin that denotes a new fashion in
the way people were dressed.
The 8th century BC saw a marked increase of
wealth in Cyprus. Communications to the east
and west were on the ascent and this created a
prosperous society. Testifying to this wealth are
the so-called royal tombs of Salamis, which,
although plundered, produced a truly royal
abundance of wealth. Sacrifices of horses, bronze
tripods and huge cauldrons decorated with
sirens, griffins etc., chariots with all their
ornamentation and the horses' gear, ivory beds
and thrones exquisitely decorated were all
deposited into the tombs' "dromoi" for the sake
of the deceased masters.