Terracotta "mace head" shape
cylinder, hollow ovoid form, broad flat end, and
a small circular aperture on the rounded end.
The inscription is written in two columns around
the entire piece.
The inscription commemorates King Sin-
iddinam's dredging of the Tigris River to improve
the water supply for his city and country. It
concludes with a statement of the daily food
rations that workers received. The whole project
was undertaken at the behest of and to the
glorification of the great gods, and to the eternal
credit of Sin-iddinam who "established my name
for far off,
distant days." The inscription is known from a
number of copies. Sin-iddinam was the 9th king
of the dynasty based in the southern
Mesopotamian city Larsa,
and is believed to have reigned c. 1849-1843
BC. The inscription
translates as follows:
Sin-iddinam, might man, supplier of (the city) Ur,
King of Larsa, king of Sumer and Akkad, the king
who built the Ebabbar Temple, the temple of (the
sun god) Utu, who restored the regulation of the
temples of the gods, am I.
When (the gods) An, Enlil, Nanna and Utu granted
to me a pleasant reign of justice whose days
were long, by my wide-ranging wisdom which
was brought to perfection and which excels, in
order to provide clean water for my city and
country, to extol my ways and to glorify publicly
for later days my heroism, I prayed intently to
(the gods) An and Enlil. When they had accepted
my firm petition,
they commissioned me with their unchanging
work to dredge the Tigris River and to restore it,
thereby making a name for myself for many days
Then, at the command of An and Inanna, by the
good will of Enlil and Ninlil, with the help of my
god Ishkur, and by the exalted strength of Nanna
and Utu, I magnificently dredged the Tigris, the
well-supplied river of Utu in my great
achievement. I directed its flow to the border.
The line I had chosen, and regulated its might to
the swamp, thus supplying uninterrupted water,
an unceasing source of prosperity for Larsa and
After I had dredged the Tigris, the great river,
the wages of a man were: 1 kor of barley, 2
quarts of bread, 4 quarts of beer, 2 shekels
(weight) of oil, this is what they received each
day. I let no man have neither less nor more.
With the labor of my hand I finished that task.
By the command and decision of the great gods I
restored the Tigris, the broad river, and
established my name for far off, distant days."