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HOME : Asian Art : Art of Thailand : Sukhothai Bronze Sculpture of the Buddha Standing
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Sukhothai Bronze Sculpture of the Buddha Standing - FZ.223
Origin: Northern Thailand
Circa: 13 th Century AD to 14 th Century AD
Dimensions: 9.5" (24.1cm) high x 3" (7.6cm) wide
Collection: Asian
Medium: Bronze

Additional Information: SOLD
Location: United States
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Historically, the Sukhothai kingdom is regarded as the first Thai kingdom. According to legend, the city of Sukhothai was founded in 1238 A.D. by two Thai chieftains who rebelled against their Khmer overlords and established their own independent kingdom. One of these chieftains became the first king of Sukhothai, known from then on as Sri Indraditya. The kingdom quickly expanded its territory by force as well as through a network of marriage alliances with neighboring Thai states. By the reign of Ramkhamhaeng, the younger son of Sri Indraditya, the kingdom had become one of the most powerful states in Southeast Asia. Its borders now stretched from Burma in the west to Laos in the east and the Malay peninsula in the south. The era of Sukhothai, which literally means “dawn of happiness,” is generally considered to be the cradle of Thai culture, and Ramkhamhaeng is revered as the father of the Thai nation.

While the Sukhothai kingdom was initially indebted to Khmer art and architecture, as is evident in the earliest ruins of the city, over time the kingdom became increasingly influenced by the art and religion of Sri Lanka, all the while maintaining a uniquely Thai character. Under the Sukhothai Dynasty, the Ceylonese school of Theravada Buddhism flourished and the major cities of the kingdom became centers of Buddhist learning complete with magnificent monasteries. Sukhothai style Buddhist sculptures are famed for their stylized elegance. Sukhothai artists are also noted for introducing the form of the “walking Buddha” into the cannon of Buddhist sculpture. Although this era is considered to be a golden age of Thai culture, the kingdom began to decline after the death of Ramkhamhaeng, due in part to the rise of Lan Na as well as the breakdown of a number of principalities into independent states.

Buddha, "The Enlightened One", lived in India in the 6th century B.C. He taught a philosophy of righteousness, designed to help achieve nirvana that entwined the active and the contemplative life. He believed peace of mind could be achieved through meditation. The religion Buddha established spread throughout Asia and has flourished continuously until the present. Skilled artists from many Asian cultures have portrayed Buddha as the personification of his philosophical ideals. This serene statue depicts a standing Buddha, deep in prayer. His air of tranquility is timeless. When we gaze upon it, no matter what our personal beliefs, we cannot help but feel tranquil ourselves. - (FZ.223)


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