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HOME : Pre-Columbian Art : Mezcala Art : Mezcala Stone Face Panel Pendant
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Mezcala Stone Face Panel Pendant - PF.4727
Origin: Western Mexico
Circa: 300 BC to 500 AD
Dimensions: 1.25" (3.2cm) high
Collection: Pre-Columbian
Medium: Stone

Location: United States
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Even though the region of the upper Mezcala River is the least archaeologically known, it has long been a rich source for portable jade objects in Olmec style. Between 900 B.C.-150 A.D. a style called Mezcala appeared in the form of highly abstract objects carved from andesine and serpentine. They usually represent human figures in an upright pose recalling those of Teotihuacan. This finely carved pendant of a god or deity shows more detail than earlier pieces, with its clearly delineated facial features and full hair flowing down the sides. A small indentation in the lower portion on either side suggests earspools, and may once have held a reflective mineral such as iron pyrite. This pendant was intended to be worn as evidenced by the drill hole, and was likely a centerpiece of a beaded necklace. Maya elite as a symbol of wealth and status wore elaborate necklaces, and the wealthy classes from Mezcala may well have used them for a similar purpose, or as amulets to ward off evil spirits. - (PF.4727)


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