Elam was an ancient kingdom of Asia, situated
north of the Persian Gulf and east of the Tigris
River, and corresponding approximately to the
present day province of Khuzistan.
According to the written history it was lasting
from around 3200 BC to 539 BC, which is one of
the oldest civilizations in the world.
The Elamite Empire has been overshadowed in
history by the rival kingdoms of Babylon and
Assyria. However, their extraordinary metalwork
survives to this day, a testament to the expertise
of their craftsmen.
This spear head is a marvelous product of a
adept in bronze working, created during the
time of the early European Iron Age. The cross
guard and tang of the spear are cast in one
piece with the blade. The hilt would have been
wrapped with leather to provide a comfortable
grip for the user, and the end of the tang,
protruding beyond the grip of the hilt, would
have been topped with a pommel, perhaps of
wood or a precious metal, and set in place with a
Such an item could only have been the prized
possession of a wealthy ranked person. While the
kings of Elam once ruled over a vast empire, no
doubt amassing countless priceless treasures,
today their memory is preserved through the
remnants of their wealth. This spear head is by
means, a lasting tribute to a vanished empire.