Barakat Gallery
Login | Register | User Services | Search | Newsletter Sign-up
Barakat Gallery
HOME : Egyptian Antiquities : Archive : Stone Sculpture of a Ram
Click to view original image.
Stone Sculpture of a Ram - CK.0680
Origin: Egypt
Circa: 1600 BC to 1100 BC
Dimensions: .5" (1.3cm) high x .25" (0.6cm) wide x .625" (1.6cm) depth
Collection: Egpytian
Medium: Stone

Additional Information: SOLD

Location: United States
Ask a Question
Email to a Friend
Previous Item
Next Item
Photo Gallery
Click photo to change image.
Print image
One of the most famous scenes in Ancient Egyptian art, the Judgment of the Dead, depicts the jackal-headed god of mummification and psychopomp Anubis weighing the heart of the deceased against the feather of Maat, symbolic of truth. More than a scene of mere mythology, this subject gives us insight into the role of weights and measures in Ancient Egypt. A civilization capable of building the pyramids obviously possessed a standard system of measurement. However, beyond monumental architecture, weights and measures played in essential role in the visual arts and multiple aspects of daily life, the most important being the economy. Ancient Egyptian trader operated on the barter system, as there was no form of currency. As such, the ability to calculate the precise amount of specific commodities was vital. The main unit of weight was known as a deben, while each deben was equivalent to ten kites, a smaller unit specifically used to measure silver and gold.

This diminutive stone ram likely served as what must have been the smallest unit in a set of graduated weights. As such, in resonates with all the presence of it presumptive larger counterparts. Revered for its virility and hence its creative powers, the ram was associated with several different deities in the Egyptian pantheon. Khnum, the creator god whose cult was centered at Elephantine was almost invariably depicted as a man with a ram's head and is frequently shown fashioning mankind from clay on a potter's wheel. Hershef was another ram-headed divinity. In the Late Dynastic Period, the Theban god Amun was sometimes depicted with a ram's head, and his temple at Karnak is decorated with ram-headed sphinxes. The iconographical attributes that distinguish one ram deity from the other are quite subtle. On smaller works such as this one, it is impossible to definitively declare which god is being symbolized. However, it is possible that this ram, with notched horns characteristic of Khnum, may represent this creator god. - (CK.0680)


Home About Us Help Contact Us Services Publications Search
Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy Security

Copyright (c) 2000-2023 by Barakat, Inc. All Rights Reserved - TEL 310.859.8408 - FAX 310.276.1346

coldfusion hosting