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HOME : Egyptian Antiquities : Egyptian Scarabs : New Kingdom Steatite Scarab
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New Kingdom Steatite Scarab - S.023
Origin: Egypt
Circa: 1650 BC to 1085 BC

Catalogue: V1
Collection: Egyptian
Medium: Steatite

Additional Information: Found in Gaza, Palestine
Location: United States
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The sacred beetle of ancient Egypt, the scarab is an emblem of the creator, Khepera. The word kepher denotes Being, Existence, Creation, or Becoming, and the god Kephera is the self-existent maker of all things. The worship of the scarab, which is symbolic of resurrection and fertility, dates from the earliest period of civilization in Egypt. Carved scarabs served two major functions: as amulets with protective and religious powers, and as personal seals, which designated the property and authority of the individual whose name was placed upon them. In both cases, the power ascribed to the scarab was very great—in life they served as the signature of their owner and were thought to bring prosperity, and in the afterlife they ensured rebirth through eternity.

Inscribed with a design. In the center is a kneeling King wearing the double crown of upper and lower Egypt. He holds a lotus to his nose, and there is an Ankh, the sign for life, beneath his arm. Below the king is a sign meaning “protection”, surrounded by two signs which mean “good”. At the bottom are two cobras facing outward, both wearing the crown of lower Egypt. At the top, two cobras face each other above a sun disc. Before the King are two blank cartouches. - (S.023)


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